If you have ever accessed the Device Manager on your Windows then you may have noticed that a tab for RAM is missing. So where is RAM in device manager?
Well, the simple answer is that RAM does NOT exist in the Device Manager at all. Hence, you cannot find it listed in there.
There are many reasons why RAM does not show up in the Device Manager. Reasons such as it does not have any drivers and hence cannot be managed as well as the fact that RAM is a volatile memory so intrinsically it does not hold any information permanently to have any link to the Device Manager.
Perhaps the RAM has intentionally been designed to be unmanageable by a user through Windows to safeguard normal operation.
The gist of the topic, however, is that you cannot find RAM in the Device Manager because it does not exist or belong in there.
So Where is RAM in Device Manager?
Often people believe that RAM is listed in the Device Manager and hence its drivers can be updated. However, that is not the case.
RAM does NOT have any drivers. So if your RAM is running slower than you expect, then drivers are certainly not the the issue here.
A slower RAM can be due to many reason such as a slower frequency, a bad RAM slot or a bad RAM module.
A quick fix would be to enable XMP profile for your RAM if your motherboard and RAM supports them.
What is XMP and How Does It Help the RAM?
So in case if you are having troubles with your RAM then XMP is your friend.
XMP stands for Extreme Memory Profiles. This was developed by Intel to modify the memory settings. This is often used by overclockers.
The XMP profiles essentially takes the guessing out of the question and it saves your from the hours of tweaking to get the RAM performing to its optimal levels.
In some ways, you CAN think of XMP profiles as the DRIVERS for the RAM as enabling them can improve the performance.
So How Do XMP Profiles Work?
Well basically, each RAM manufacturer bench tests their RAM in order to find the best settings for it to run on.
They then save those settings on to the RAM on a dedicated XMP chip.
XMP profiles are ONLY made available to the RAM IF it is rated at a higher rate than its BASE FREQUENCY.
The base, or the DEAULT FREQUENCY, of a DDR4 RAM, for instance, is 2133 MHz. Running DDR4 RAM at this frequency requires no XMP profiles.
If you have a DDR4 RAM stick at frequencies higher than 2133 MHz such as 3200 MHz, 3600 MHz, etc, then it will need to have an XMP profile added by the manufacturer.
Also Read: Which RAM Slot to Use?
How to Enable XMP Profile?
XMP is enabled through the motherboard BIOS. It cannot be enabled through the OS or through the device manager.
However, to enable, firstly both your motherboard AND RAM have to support XMP profile.
Secondly, your motherboard has to support the frequency of your RAM. Not ALL motherboard support high frequency RAM.
The motherboard above supports RAM upto 2933 MHz. As such, DDR4 RAM with 3200 MHz, 3600 MHz etc, will clock down to 2933 MHz when installed on this motherboard.
Again, all RAMs work at their base speeds UNTIL, you enable the XMP profile from the motherboard BIOS.
Also Read: Will DDR5 RAM Work on DDR4 Motherboard?
How to Check Your RAM Information?
Since you cannot find RAM in Device Manager, you can use several other methods to locate the information regarding what RAM you have.
1. Checking RAM in ‘About’
On Windows 10:
- Go to the Search Function in the Windows Task Bar
- Type “About Your PC“
- Press the utility that comes up.
This can give you basic information regarding the amount of RAM you have on your system.
Also Read: What to Do After Upgrading RAM?
2. Checking RAM Through Command Prompt
Another fairly simple way to check the details regarding your RAM is to use the Command Prompt.
On Windows 10, access Command Prompt by typing it in the Search function.
With the Command Prompt open, type in the following code
wmic MemoryChip get DeviceLocator, Manufacturer, PartNumber, capacity
The capacity this shows is per slot and in terms of BITS. So when the capacity above reads as 8589934592, it actually refers to 8 GB.
The system above has a total of 16 GBs of RAM.
For the complete list of strings of code you can use for RAM, Windows has a comprehensive article on it: Win32_PhysicalMemory class.
3. Checking RAM Through Task Manager
Task Manager is yet another very simple method to check the detail regarding your RAM.
The best part about this method is that not only does it give you the details regarding the amount of RAM you have, but also tells you its current usage.
On Windows 10, head over to the Task Manager by right clicking on the Task Bar and selecting Task Manager.
You can also access it by pressing CTRL+ALT+DEL and then selecting Task Manager from the menu that comes up.
With the Task Manager open, head over to the Performance tab and look for the Memory section on the left hand menu.
As you can, the Task Manager not only details the amount of RAM you have, but also the total RAM being utilized.
In ideal cases, you do not want the RAM to reach a 100% usage as that can cause lags and stutters to your system.
If your RAM is reaching a 100% usage often, then either you need to close off some applications or it is time for an upgrade.
4. Checking RAM through CPU-Z Utility
If you want to get the most comprehensive details regarding what RAM you have, then CPU-Z is perhaps the best utility to have.
CPU-Z is a very light third party app that is free to download and use.
- Head over the CPU-Z official website.
- Download and Install the latest version.
- With the utility open have a look at the Memory and the SPD tab.
The Memory TAB shows you the RAM type, its total amount, the running frequency as well as information regarding its CAS Latency.
The SPD section shows you information regarding RAM in each slot, its manufacturer, model number etc.
Also Read: Can You Reuse Old RAM Sticks?
So where is RAM in Device Manager? Well, unfortunately, as discussed above. RAM does NOT exist in the device manager.
If you want to learn its details, you will need to use different methods.
If you suspect your RAM isn’t performing to its optimal level, then check whether it has XMP support and if it does, enable it from the motherboard.