Do You Need a Graphics Card for Photo Editing? (Answered)

The short answer is No! You DO NOT NEED to have a graphics card for photo editing. The integrated graphics card built into the CPU should suffice particularly if you are a beginner with a limited budget for your PC build.

However, there is no doubt that even an entry level basic dedicated graphics card can give you performance gains for certain tasks and filters. 

As such, if you are an expert photo editor with a good budget for your photo editing build, then it is recommended to invest in a simple dedicated graphics card.

If you are short on budget, however, then it recommended that you maximize the portion of the budget for a good CPU as photo editing is more CPU dependent than GPU dependent.

As is the case with all PC builds. it is important to choose the right components for a build for Photo Editing as well. Since many of us have a limited budget, it is imperative that we put a higher portion of our budget in the right hardware.

In the following text I will attempt to answer in detail the question “Do you need a graphics card for photo editing?”.

Do You Need a Graphics Card for Photo Editing?

Fortunately, no. You do not need to have a dedicated graphics card on your PC in order to use Photo Editing software like Adobe Photoshop.

The integrated or built-in graphics card in your CPU should be more than sufficient to handle all essential Photo Editing tasks fairly easily.

However, that is not to say that you won’t see any kind of benefit should you choose to buy a dedicated GPU.

Pudget Systems has conducted a comprehensive study on the effects of a dedicated GPU on Adobe Photoshop – easily the most popular photo editing software out there.

adobe photoshop integrated vs dedicated GPU
Intel UHD 630 iGPU vs Mid and High End Dedicated GPUs. Source: Pudget Systems

The test above was conducted on Adobe Photoshop CC 2019 using an Intel Core i9-9900K. 

When considering iGPU vs dedicated GPU for Photo Editing, the results are quite conclusive. Even a lower-mid range dedicated GPU, NVIDIA GTX 1060, is about 40% more powerful compared to the popular Intel UHD 630 iGPU.

Most of this has to do with the fact that even a cheap dedicated graphics card has far more VRAM compared to an integrated. In this case, the GeForce GTX 1060 has 6 GB of VRAM whereas the Intel UHD 630 caps at 1 GB of VRAM only.

Hence, the Intel UHD 630 would have a hard time loading up and rendering the assets and features in real-time particularly if the image is large.

Also Read: Do You Need a Graphics Card for Video Editing?

The Difference in iGPU and Dedicated GPU Depends on the Tasks and Filters Used!

Note that the chart in the section above shows only the GENERAL performance score of the GPUs.

In actuality, the performance difference between the iGPU and a dedicated GPU depends upon what filters and features you use and what tasks you perform.

For example according to Pudget Systems, effects and filters that use GPU acceleration such as “Smart Sharpen”, “Field Blur”, “Iris Blur” and “Resizing” were much faster on a dedicated GPU as compared to an integrated graphics card.

On the other hand, for tasks and filters such as “Reduce Noise”, “File Save and Open”, “Gradient”, “Magic Wand Select”, “Rotate” etc there was almost no difference between an iGPU Intel UHD 630 and dedicated GPUs.

This chart sheds more light on how an integrated GPU and dedicated GPUs compare in terms of performance for specific tasks and effects.

List of Features that Require a GPU for Photoshop

According to the official Adobe Photoshop specs, the following are all the features that can benefit or require a GPU to work.

  • Artboards
  • Blur Gallery
  • Camera Raw
  • Image Size
  • Lens Blur
  • Neural Filters
  • Select Focus
  • Select and Mask
  • Smart Sharpen
  • 3D
  • Birds Eye View
  • Flick Panning
  • Oil Pain
  • Perspective Wrap
  • Render
  • Scrubby Zoom
  • Smooth Brush Resizing

This is an ever growing list of GPU accelerated features. You can check the list of all the GPU focused features for Photoshop here for more details.

Note I am referencing Photoshop here as it is the most popular photo editing software.

You Should Buy a Dedicated Graphics Card for Multiple Monitors Setup

Yes, it is recommended that you do so. The more screens you have, the more pixels you have. The more pixels you have, the more VRAM your GPU needs in order to cater to all the assets displayed on multiple screens SMOOTHLY.

Integrated graphics cards DO NOT have a high amount of VRAM. As explained above, Intel UHD 630, for instance, only has 1 TB of VRAM. Lower Mid Range dedicated GPU can easily feature 4-6 times as much VRAM.

While your iGPU will be able to support and run multiple monitors, but in order to have a smooth working experience, it is recommended that you use a dedicated GPU for a multiple monitor setup even if you have to choose a very basic dedicated GPU.

Benefits of Having a Dedicated GPU Summarized:
  • Certain features would benefit significantly. List here.
  • Smooth experience with large size images.
  • Smooth experience with multiple monitors.

Also Read: How to Check Which Graphics Card is Being Used?

Should You Buy a High End Graphics Card for Photo Editing?

No, you do not need to buy a high end graphics card to reap the benefits of having a dedicated graphics card.

If you have decided to buy a dedicated graphics card for your photo editing build, then a low-mid to mid range dedicated graphics card should do just fine.

The key is to have a dedicated graphics card with a good amount of VRAM. 

pudget systems mid range vs high end GPU for photo editing
Mid Range dedicated GPU vs High End GPU for Photoshop. Pudget Systems

You can see from the chart above that a high-mid range graphics card i.e the RTX 3060Ti is only about 3% weaker than the profoundly expensive RTX 3090 dedicated GPU (127.4 vs 131.3 points). The former has an MSRP of $399 whereas the latter has an MSRP of $1,500. Of course, the real market price at the moment is more than twice as much for the mentioned GPUs.

As such, it is highly recommended that you stick with lower-mid range or mid range GPUs. High end GPUs will give you no significant benefit in performance.

Also Read: Does Your PC Need a Graphics Card if Its Not for Gaming?

CPU vs GPU for Photo Editing – Which is More Important?

CPU still remains as the most important consideration of Photo Editing.

Unlike with the GPUs where there was no significant benefit between a mid range and a high end GPU, with CPUs that is not the case.

For Photo Editing, the better the CPU you have the better the performance you can generally experience.

However, I would recommended that you stick with high performance grade Core i7s at best since workstation grade CPU such as the Core i9s or Ryzen 9s give only marginally better performance yet costing a lot higher.

It is, however, recommended that you stick with CPUs from the latest generation in order to reap the most benefit. While the cores and the clock speed is important, it is the generation and the overall architecture of the CPU that effectively shows performance gains.

CPU score photo editing pudget systems
CPUs Benchmark for Photoshop. Source: Pudget Systems

Also Read: How is Processor Speed Measured?

Final Words

To reiterate, the answer to the question “Do You Need a Graphics Card for Photo Editing?”, is a NO! You do not need to have a dedicated graphics card for photo editing.

However. having one can give you significant benefits for certain tasks, filters and effects. 

Should you choose to procure a dedicated GPU, it is recommended that you stick with lower-mid to mid range GPUs at best since having a high end GPU will be super costly and would give you only marginally better results at best.

In the end, it is important that you maximize your budget for a good CPU as having a good CPU is more paramount than having a good GPU for photo editing.

Also Read: Does My Graphics Card Support 4K?

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Atif Qazi
Atif Qazi is the founder of PCGuide101 and an expert in the computer peripheral industry with over two decades of experience. He has worked as a consultant for major companies and has a deep understanding of the inner workings of computer peripherals. He has a degree in Electrical Engineering and has served as a product manager and technical consultant. He is passionate about testing and evaluating the latest products to provide readers with reliable information.

2 thoughts on “Do You Need a Graphics Card for Photo Editing? (Answered)”

  1. What about raw files ? You probably assume that everybody is editing jpeg files which you are correct, of course.. I dont understand why it takes a long time to edit a raw file after opening it like changing highlight, shadow, dehaze, white balance, tone, contrast, saturation, gradation and so many other tweaks found in photo editing software that doesnt apply to jpeg files as much as to raw files.. Everytime I tweak any one of above, I had to stop and wait for the task to complete usually taking up to 30 seconds .. I dont have issues with jpeg files but ti is limited . I dont have any discrete graphics but an APU with 2gb borrowed from the RAM bank. I dont know why graphic cardds are not designed for photoediting as much as for gaming if it is the case..

    • Break,

      I think I can answer that for you. To edit and convert RAW files, you want a dedicated GPU. As Atif pointed out, the specs for Photoshop indicate Camera Raw will benefit from a dedicated GPU and Camera Raw is the Adobe RAW converter within Photoshop and Photoshop Elements.

      For anybody out there using a point and shoot camera and doing light editing on JPEG files, the integrated GPU is fine, but for those using DSLRs and Mirrorless cameras, two things hold up. First almost all but photojournalists (because they don’t have time to edit) will shoot and edit RAW photos, and almost all editing will take place with in RAW. When it isn’t withing RAW, it probably involves conversion to TIFF, which will make a file about fout times the size of the RAW file. Here we are talking about photos that are 20MP to 50MP generally, RAW files approximately the same as the MP, in other words, 20MB to 50MB. Then you have the photographers doing things like focus stacking, panorama shooting and High Dynamic Range, all requiring multiple photos to be merged into one. Simply put, yes, you most definitely want a dedicated GPU for that. And for most applications, Atif is correct that a low to mid level GPU is suitable. That’s two points so far for Atif.

      But I disagree with Atif that Photoshop is the most popular photo editing SW. Photoshop is really a graphic arts software application with strong photo editing capability. Serving pro and serious amateur photographers, also an Adobe product is Lightroom, which is dedicated to photography, focused on RAW editing and probably the most popular photo editing application. Probably everybody that has Lightroom also has a copy of Photoshop or Photoshop elements, but it will be Lightroom that gets 95% of the work, and Photoshop or Elements only for special tasks.


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