If you look closer at your motherboard, it has a peculiar little coin cell battery similar to what you see on a watch. This begs the question, why do motherboards have batteries?
Well, in the simplest terms, the battery you find on a motherboard is called the CMOS battery. It serves the unique and critical purpose of running the BIOS settings and your system’s Real Time Clock (RTC).
With this seemingly trivial battery, your motherboard and your PC will start.
Having a battery on a motherboard seems counterintuitive since all motherboards are connected to the power supply unit and the wall socket for power anyways; why have the redundancy?
I will discuss the CMOS battery and why motherboards have them in the following text.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
So Why Do Motherboards Have Batteries?
Let us start with the basics and try to understand key terms.
What is CMOS?
CMOS stands for Complementary Metal-Oxide-Semiconductor. This is an essential chip for storing BIOS settings and Real-Time Clock (RTC).
Without CMOS, your BIOS will not start. And without BIOS, your PC will not start.
What is BIOS?
BIOS stands for Basic Input/Output. This is firmware installed in a separate chip on a motherboard.
BIOS is a standalone operating system that starts up all the hardware and performs all the necessary system checks before the actual operating system (Windows) takes over.
Like CMOS, without BIOS, your system will not start.
Also Read: How to Identify BIOS Chip on Motherboard?
The CMOS Battery
This brings us to the CMOS battery or the motherboard battery in question.
The CMOS battery can easily be spotted on the motherboard.
As the name suggests, this is the battery that powers the CMOS chip, which, as stated earlier, stores the BIOS settings and the RTC.
Why is the Motherboard CMOS Battery Important?
The CMOS motherboard battery is essential to the overall functioning of your PC. There are two main reasons why the CMOS battery is essential:
- It ensures that the BIOS settings are intact, even if the PC is off or unplugged from the power supply.
- It ensures that the Real-Time Clock is intact, even if the PC is off or unplugged from the power supply.
The CMOS battery, on average, can last for about five years. So it can keep the settings intact for five years without any external power supply. If your motherboard malfunctions or your system does not start properly, you may have a dead CMOS battery.
Removing the CMOS Battery Will Render Your Motherboard Useless
As explained, all the settings you perform in BIOS are stored in the CMOS chip, and without the battery, neither the CMOS chip nor the BIOS chip will work, rendering your motherboard useless.
You Can Reset the Motherboard By Re-plugging the CMOS Battery
If you have recently made hardware changes, if your PC is acting up, or if you performed a bad overclock, you can reset your motherboard by removing the CMOS battery and re-plugging it into the slot after 5 seconds.
You can remove the CMOS battery by pressing the latch on the battery socket. This should pop the battery out.
When taking the battery out, note the negative “-” and the positive “+” terminals to know its orientation when plugging it back in.
To reiterate, removing the battery will reset your system clock.
Read in Detail: How to Reset Motherboard?
A Dead Motherboard Battery Means a Dead Motherboard
It is as simple as that. If you have a dead CMOS battery, your motherboard will not work.
Often when the motherboard does not work or if it comes dead on arrival, the issue is as simple as a dead CMOS battery.
Therefore, replacing the CMOS battery with a new one can quickly fix most of the hardware-related issues with the motherboard.
The CMOS battery is a CR2032 lithium coin cell battery, standard across all motherboards.
Symptoms of a Dead or a Failing Motherboard CMOS Battery
There are many telltale signs of a failing CMOS or dead motherboard battery. Some of the hallmark signs are as follows:
1. PC Turns On Sometimes, but Sometimes it Does Not
The most prominent symptom of a dying CMOS battery is that sometimes your PC will turn on usually, and other times it will not.
You may hear the fans turn on, but the screen will be blank.
2. PC Will Not Go Past POST
POST stands for Power On Self Test. Think of this as the startup test that the BIOS performs to check if all the hardware is in order.
If critical hardware fails to initialize, the system will NOT pass the POST nor load the operating system.
If the CMOS battery is dead, your motherboard will often flash an LED, or if you have a beep code speaker, it will beep the relevant code of motherboard failure.
3. Windows Showing Wrong Time and Date
If you occasionally find that your Windows operating system shows the wrong time and date, this is a clear sign that your CMOS battery can fail.
Please remember from earlier that CMOS stores the System’s REAL-TIME date and time even when the PC is turned off or removed from the power supply.
Hence, an incorrect date or time can indicate your CMOS battery is dying.
Also Read: Why Does My PC Randomly Turn Off?
So the motherboard has batteries to give the essential CMOS chip a trickle of power for keeping the BIOS and the Real-Time Clock settings intact.
So while the motherboard battery may seem trivial, it can render your entire motherboard into nothing but a brick if malfunctioning or removed.
Frequently Asked Questions
1. Can the battery on a motherboard be replaced?
Yes, the battery on a motherboard can be replaced. The type of battery required depends on the specific motherboard, but it is typically a small, round, silver battery known as a CMOS battery. Replacement batteries can be found at most electronics stores or online retailers.
2. What are some common signs of a failing motherboard battery?
Common signs of a failing motherboard battery include incorrect system time and date, BIOS settings being reset to default values, and the computer failing to boot. If you notice any of these issues, it may be time to replace the motherboard battery.
3. How does the battery on a motherboard affect the system clock?
The battery on a motherboard powers the CMOS (complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor) chip, which stores important information such as the system clock, BIOS settings, and hardware configuration. If the battery dies, the CMOS chip loses power and this information can be lost, leading to incorrect system settings and potential hardware issues.
4. Can a dead battery on a motherboard cause other hardware issues?
A dead battery on a motherboard can cause other hardware issues if it leads to incorrect system settings.
For example, if the system clock is incorrect, it can cause issues with time-sensitive applications and network connectivity.
Additionally, if the BIOS settings are reset to default values, it can lead to compatibility issues with hardware components and reduce overall system performance.