Why Do Laptops Have Two Graphics Cards?

Often laptops have two graphics cards for performance and power consumption management.

In this configuration, one of the graphics cards is used for light applications and thus conserves power, whereas the second is used when heavier applications are being run.

The graphics card intended for low-key tasks, like word processing, and for battery conservation is called the integrated graphics card. The graphics card intended for demanding tasks, like gaming, is called the dedicated graphics card.

Dedicated graphics cards have a much better graphics processing performance than integrated graphics cards, but they consume more power.

Also, you MUST note that NOT ALL laptops have dual graphics cards. In the following text, I will discuss in detail “why do laptops have two graphics cards?”.

Integrated vs Dedicated Graphics Cards on Laptops

Essentially, there are two types of graphics cards that you can find on a PC, integrated and dedicated graphics cards.

Integrated graphics, as the name suggests, are graphics processing units that are built INTO the CPU chip itself. They cannot be removed or upgraded. Integrated graphics are weak and offer limited processing capability but consume far less power.

Do I Need Integrated Graphics
CPU die chart showing iGPU built into the CPU

Dedicated graphics cards on laptops, on the other hand, are separate standalone chips soldered onto the laptop’s motherboard itself.

The image below shows two chips on a motherboard. The one on the left is the CPU, and the one on the right is the dedicated graphics.

GPU soldered onto the motherboard 2
It shows both CPU and GPU soldered onto the motherboard.

Performance Difference Between Integrated and Dedicated GPUs

There is a vast performance difference between integrated graphics and dedicated graphics cards.

Dedicated graphics cards can be multiple-folder than iGPUs for graphics processing, depending upon your model.

The following table and graph show how the integrated graphics compared with the dedicated graphics cards. The scores are taken from the G3D Mark benchmark.

Intel UHD 630 1395 As found on 8-10th Gen
Intel CPUs
Nvidia GeForce
GT 740
1543 Dedicated GPU
Intel UHD 750 1684 As found on 11th Gen+
Intel CPUs
AMD Radeon
Vega 8
(2018 Version)
1704 AMD 2000 Series APU
Intel UHD 770 1928 As Found on 12th Gen Intel CPUs.
Intel Iris Pro 580 2044 Found on premium laptops.
Nvidia GeForce
GT 1030
2613 Dedicated GPU
Entry Level
AMD Ryzen 5
Vega 7 Graphics
2639 Integrated as found on the Ryzen 5600G
AMD Ryzen 7
Vega 8 Graphics
2708 Integrated as found on the Ryzen 5700G
AMD Radeon
RX 550
2764 Dedicated GPU
Entry Level
GTX 1060
9875 Dedicated GPU
Lower-Mid Range
GTX 1060
10879 Dedicated GPU
RTX 2080
18652 Dedicated GPU
High End
RTX 3080Ti
26429 Dedicated GPU
High End
Why Do Laptops Have Two Graphics Cards
iGPU vs. Dedicated Graphics Card. Source: G3DMark

As you can see above, even the best iGPUsfound on the AMD Ryzen 5700G is far from the mid-range NVIDIA GTX 1660, let alone the top-of-the-line NVIDIA RTX 3080Ti graphics cards.

The point of this discussion is that dedicated graphics cards are intended for brute-force graphics processing. They are more potent than iGPU; hence if you plan on gaming and doing editing or designing work on your PC, the dedicated graphics card will help tremendously.

Also, a key point to note

Not all laptops have two graphics cards. While all laptops have integrated graphics, they may or may not have a dedicated GPU.

Hence if your laptop has a dedicated graphics card, consider yourself lucky.

So Why Do Laptops Have Two Graphics Cards?

Laptops often have integrated and dedicated graphics cards for power and performance management. Essentially, the reasons for having two graphics cards include the following:

  1. Conserving Battery Power
  2. Limiting Heat Generation from Dedicated GPU
  3. High-Performance Graphics Rendering When in Need

1. Conserving Battery Power

Having an integrated graphics card helps conserve the laptop’s actual battery charge.

As such, when you remove the laptop from the wall socket, the integrated graphics card takes over, and the dedicated graphics card generally gets disabled.

An integrated graphics card consumes a fraction of the power the dedicated graphics card needs.

2. Limiting Heat Generation

Dedicated graphics cards generate a lot of heat when running.

Therefore, an integrated graphics card manages the heat option and keeps things cool when the task is menial.

For instance, when running simple programs or tasks like MS Word, YouTube, or simply surfing on Chrome, the integrated graphics limit the heat generation (as well as conserve the power used).

The dedicated graphics card takes over when running heavier tasks like games or professional editing and designing applications.

3. High-Performance Graphics Rendering When in Need

As explained above, a dedicated graphics card provides graphics processing power when in need.

Since dedicated GPUs are far more powerful compared to iGPUs, they are used when performing heavier tasks like gaming.

The Switching is Done Automatically

So that you know, the switching between the integrated and dedicated graphics card is done automatically.

The OS is smart enough to realize which application is low demanding and which is highly selective.

You Can Check Which GPU is Being Used for What Task

As a side note, you can also check which graphics are used for what task.

The video below explains this:

You can check what graphics card is used through the task manager in the Processes tab and the GPU Engine column.

how to check graphics card is being used
Task Manager showing the GPU Engine Column

Read in Detail: How to Check Which Graphics Card is Being Used?

How to Figure Out Which One is Integrated or Dedicated GPU?

It is difficult for the uninitiated to figure out which of the two graphics cards on your laptop is integrated and which is dedicated.

Take, for instance, the screenshot from my device manager below:

device manager display adapters

I can see that I have two graphics cards (aka display adapters) on my laptop:

  • Intel HD 630
  • NVIDIA GeForce GTX 1050Ti

So which one of the two is integrated graphics, and which is dedicated? To understand, you need to become familiar with the GPU market.

There are three powerful graphics chipset manufacturers out there for Windows PCs:

  • Intel
  • AMD

As a rule of thumb, know that ALL intel graphics card integrated GPUs. Intel HD 630, Intel UHD 750, etc., are all integrated graphics.

Also, as a rule of thumb, please know that ALL NVIDIA graphics cards are dedicated graphics cards. So NVIDIA GTX 1050Ti, NVIDIA RTX 3070, and even the weaker NVIDIA MX series graphics cards are all dedicated graphics cards.

Regarding AMD, however, things need to be clarified since AMD makes both integrated and dedicated graphics. You will need to get a slight grasp of the AMD market.

If a graphics card reads as AMD VEGA RX series GPU, there is a high chance it is an integrated graphics. AMD Radeon RX 4000, RX 5000, and RX 6000 series GPU are dedicated graphics cards.

Final Words

The simple answer to the question “why do laptops have two graphics cards?” is to offer power and performance management.

The two graphics cards on laptops are different. One is integrated graphics, and the other is dedicated, with the latter being the more powerful of the two.

Your laptop switches between the two depending on the task or application running.

Categories GPU
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Ojash Yadav is the lead technical writer and resident tech guru at PCGuide101. He is a computer science graduate with over 8 years of experience in the IT field and a wealth of knowledge about computer peripherals. He has a passion for breaking down complex technical concepts and his goal is to make sure that our readers understand the technical details of the products they're interested in without getting lost in jargon. Ojash has over a decade of experience writing about the latest and greatest in the tech world, his articles have been featured in many popular tech publications and he's known for his thorough and unbiased reviews. He conducts extensive research and testing on the latest products to ensure our readers always get the most reliable information possible.

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